How to Power Security Cameras with Solar Panels

When we talk about the solar-powered security camera, there are two alternatives:

1. Buy a readymade solar-powered security camera system
2. Adding solar power system to the existing security camera

Why should you need a solar-powered security camera? Because solar-powered security cameras have a lot of benefits like:

1. Independence from the power grid

2. No requirement for long wires

3. Can be installed in remote sites or geographically challenging environments.

4. Minimize environmental impact

Note: This article can be used for DIY Off Grid Solar System for any load. It is not restricted to security cameras only.

Here are some steps to Power Security Cameras with Solar Panels:

Step 1: Materials Required

1. Security Camera

2. Solar Panel

3. Battery

4. Solar Charge Controller

5. Cable

6. Crimp Connectors

7. Battery Enclosure

8. DC Jack

Step 2: Power Requirement

Step 3: Selecting the Battery

Step 4: Selecting the Solar Panel

Step 5: Selecting the Charge Controller

Step 6: Selecting the Solar Cable

Step 7: Preparing the Power Cord

Step 8: Installing the Solar Panel

Step 9: Wiring

1. Connect your Battery to your solar charge controller :

Using an appropriate cross-section cable, connect your 12V battery to the battery terminals of the solar charge controller. Make sure that the positive (+) battery terminal is connected to the positive (+) terminal on the controller and do the same with the negative (-) terminals.

You can hardwire the cables onto the battery terminals, use ring terminals, or for temporary connections use crocodile clips.

2. Connect your Solar panel to your solar charge controller:

Connect the positive and negative solar panel cables to the Solar Panel terminals on your solar charge controller. Again, make sure that the positive (+) cable connects to the corresponding positive (+) terminals on the controller and the same with the negative (-) terminals. If the solar panel is exposed to some light, the solar charge controller will immediately show a ‘battery charging’ signal.

3. Connect your Security Camera to your battery terminals:

Then you will need to connect your Security Camera to the load terminals on your solar charge controller. As always, make sure that the positive (+) cable connects to the corresponding positive (+) terminals on the battery and the same with the negative (-) terminals.